Diamond - April Birthstone

Diamond - April Birthstone
Diamond is the universal symbol of love and also the birthstone for the month of April. Of all the gemstones, diamond is the by far the most popular.

The name diamond is derived from the Greek word adamas, meaning “unconquerable”. This association is due to the superior hardness & durability of diamonds. Diamond is pure carbon, the element that is also the foundation of life. One form of pure carbon is graphite, the softest substance and another is diamond the hardest substance.

Diamonds are formed deep in the earth under tremendous pressure and heat and are pushed to the surface by volcanic activity. The major sources of diamonds are South Africa, Australia, Russia and more recently, China and Canada. A diamond mine at Murfreesboro, Arkansas has yielded many diamonds such as the 40.23 carat Uncle Sam diamond. Any visitor can pay a small fee for the privilege of indulging in “diamond hunting fever”.

The largest diamond ever found was discovered at the Premier Mine in South Africa. Named the Cullinan Diamond, it weighed 3106 Carats or about 1.5 pounds. The Cullinan was cut into 105 stones, the largest two of which remain the largest cut diamonds in the world: the Cullinan I weighing 530.2 carats and the Cullinan II of 317.4 carats. Both gems are in the British Crown Jewels in the Tower of London..

Diamonds occur in a wide range of colors. The most familiar are white or colorless. Richly colored stones, called fancies, are rare and highly prized. Fancy colors include golden-yellow, blue, green, pink, amber and red. The most famous colored diamond is the 44.5 carat blue “Hope Diamond” on display at the Smithsonian institute.

Here in the United States the excepted authority when grading diamonds is the Gemological Institute of America (GIA). When you graduate from GIA as a Gemologist you are capable of evaluating gems and jewelry for quality and value.

The value of a diamond is the culmination of the 4 C’s Cut, Color, Clarity and Carat Weight. . Diamond prices are subject to supply and demand and for the most part continue to rise from year to year. The experienced staff at our store will always take the time with every customer to explain the 4C’s and any other questions you might have.

3165 S. Alma School Rd., Suite 21 Chandler, AZ 85248 Phone : 480-857-9707 info@rakhmanjewelers.com
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